Lombardy is situated virtually at the center of the semi-circle of the Alps that enclose Italy to the north. The region is bordered to the north by Switzerland to the west by Piedmont, to the south by Emilia-Romagna and to the east by the Veneto and Trentino Alto Adige. Lombardy ranks 4th among the regions in size and 1st in respect to population. Mountains here account for 47% of the regional territory, hills for 12.5% and the plains for 40.5%. The climate is continental and varies considerably according to the altitude and the effects of the many lakes, which typically have a favorable influence on microclimates. In fact it is noted that breezes crossing the lake from the Aprica range of the Alps create a special climate for spumante and still wines, red and white.
Wine making is concentrated in three principle areas of Lombardy, Valtellina, the Oltepó and the Franciacorta. The Franciacorta and the hills along the banks of Lake Garda in the province of Bresica in the East, in fact account for seven out of the 13 DOC's produced by the entire region (Botticino, Capriano del Colle, Cellatica, Franciacorta, Lugana, Riviera del Garda Bresciano and San Martino della Battaglia).
South of the lake, in the white Zone of Lugana you can find attractive young unoaked easy to enjoy Lugana’s made from Trebbiano (di Lugana) who can also warrant a couple of years aging. More recently, innovative producers such as Ca dei Frati have elevated the status of the variety with their barrel-aged versions. This innovative producer in particular has also highlighted the possibilities of more international white varies such as Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay. It is also worth mentioning that they produce a stunning red that incorporates many of the varieties of the region Groppello, Sangivese, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Indeed this wine has garnered high points from the world-renowned wine critic Robert Parker.